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Thread: Why is There an Increased Need for ERP Systems in Manufacturing Industry?

  1. #1

    Post Why is There an Increased Need for ERP Systems in Manufacturing Industry?

    In the present dynamic business scenario, every organization needs perfect synergy between departments, right from input to output. ERP thereby plays a pivotal role in integrating the inter and intra-departmental processes like – billing, production, and supply chain. ERP helps in reducing timelines, enhancing processes and minimizing the cost of operation.

    In manufacturing companies, an ERP system allows businesses to gain information at all time without hindering any internal resources and processes. ERP systems provide a better managerial capability for managing the product data.

    Market Value of Indian Manufacturing ERP

    An online published report states that in the year 2018, the Indian Manufacturing ERP market accounted for $262.7 billion and is estimated to contribute $712.7 billion by the year 2027. During the forecasted period (2019-2027), this market segment is expected to show a contribution growth CAGR of 11.9%.

    Manufacturing ERP

    During the above-mentioned forecasted period, the positive approach followed for implementing the strict regulatory compliances, and its growing need will be driving the Indian manufacturing ERP market. There are specific challenges as well for the market to grow. These challenges are related to high upfront costs during the implementation process and upgradation.

    Segmentation of Indian Manufacturing ERP Market

    • India Manufacturing ERP Market is classified into the three major categories, namely- by enterprise size, by deployment type and by end-users.
    • In terms of enterprise size, this market is segmented down as- SMEs and Large Enterprises. In the forecasted period, the SME segment is going to witness maximum growth. The same report says that the
    • Indian manufacturing market usually consists of nearly 60% SMEs. ERP helps this market segment to rise in the value chain in terms of its market credibility and enhanced confidence between the stakeholders.
    • In terms of deployment type, the market is segmented into- Cloud and on-premises. For the deployment type segment, the Cloud segment will show the maximum growth as the cloud services are being used for providing the availability of services at all times with minimum costs.
    • In terms of the end-users, this market is segmented as- automotive, consumer electronics, metallurgy, pharmaceuticals, energy, food & beverage, chemicals, retail & garments.


    Manufacturing Industry Challenges

    There has been an increased demand for an ERP system to address various challenges and issues that the manufacturing industry today faces.

    These issues include the following

    • Lack of transparency about the availability of raw materials
    • There is no proper monitoring of the accounts in manufacturing companies
    • Manual intervention often leads to inefficiency and inaccuracy
    • The data present at silo database systems often leads to non-uniformity


    How ERP Systems Are Deployed in Various Manufacturing Stages

    The necessary information of the customer gets fetched into the ERP software that is responsible for managing order solutions. This automated procedure helps every department to keep track of the order progress at every stage and scheduling the tasks.

    Supply Chain Management
    The supply chain component of an ERP software allows the manufacturers to effectively manage their product flow right from the pre-production stage to the time it reaches the end consumers. It also helps the manufacturers to serve their customers with real-time updates on their orders and the associated costs.

    Purchases
    The purchasing module in an ERP software works together with the supply chain management and inventory modules. This module helps in managing the procurement of materials by providing comprehensive insights on supplier listing, quotations, purchase orders, stock updates, and other vital processes. This electronic data exchange eases the process of purchase orders and other transactions.

    Manufacturing Process
    An ERP software helps in aligning the manufacturing processes using automated planning, scheduling and enhancing the speed of manufacturing and accuracy. Modern-day ERP software also has inbuilt support for make-to-stock, make-to-order, configure-to-order, engineer-to-order, just-in-time manufacturing and materials control, and lean operations.

    Orders Processing
    Post fetching the user information, the processing of automated events takes place, thereby allowing the order process to be monitored and controlled. Once the sales order gets generated, resource allocation initiates raw material procurement from the inventory. The order now reaches the production stage and is guided until the end of the assembly line.

    Material Management
    An ERP system helps the companies in organizing and categorizing their inventory, monitor the movement of products and provides comprehensive management of warehouse data.

    Quality Control
    Most of the ERP systems today have in-built quality assurance features. The ERP systems help the manufacturing businesses to manage their quality, capturing the non-compliant as well as corrective measures in a single database. These businesses can perform a complete audit process such as planning, executions, and follow-ups.

    Warehouse and Inventory Levels
    ERP systems help businesses to optimize their inventory by determining the stock levels. It also facilitates the process of minimizing shortages and reducing delivery costs based on inventory levels.

    Significance of ERP Systems in Manufacturing Industry

    Automates and Streamlines Business Processes
    A complete ERP solution helps in aligning and automating business processes that fuel automation for the business organizations involved in manufacturing. With all the processes getting streamlined, the entire organizationÂ’s data is made available in a centralized location, along with complete transparency across all the departments. ERP systems also help the manufacturing personnel to monitor the production status in real-time without having any dependencies on other teams. An ERP system increases the efficiency in the manufacturing process, enhancing productivity and making the manufacturing organizations compliant to the commitments made to their customers. With automation of the critical processes, the manufacturing companies can also reduce their dependencies on manual processes. The issue related to errors and profitability gets resolved to a great extent.

    Quick Responses to Market Conditions
    ERP systems provide real-time and rapid analysis of data for the businesses to estimate and plan as per the changing dynamics of the market. The key decision-makers in the manufacturing industry often refer to the reports generated by the ERP system regularly for planning and strategizing their business plans to cater to the variable market demands and encash on their customer behavior trends towards purchases. ERP system reports provide a holistic view to the managers by reducing the errors and capitalize on the upcoming opportunities in the market.

    Strategic Decision Making
    An ERP solution helps in improving the decision-making process of a manufacturing organization. It gives a comprehensive insight as well as transparency about every department in the organization, helping them with an informed, accurate and faster business-related decisions. ERP systems offer access to key performance areas of an organization by aligning them to their preset goals and carry out the necessary internal decisions if they are needed. Complete transparency of the internal processes along with the departments helps the management to optimize their daily operations.

    Lowers Cost
    A dynamic and efficient ERP software helps the manufacturing organizations to cut down their overall operational costs since the manual and time-consuming processes are being replaced by automated processes backed with real-time information related to business. An ERP solution also helps in overcoming the additional labor expenses, providing enhanced levels of precision and accuracy with lower error rates to cut-short the unwanted losses. ERP system gives the complete visibility of inventory tracking by eliminating the extra inventory and warehousing costs.

    Improves Customer Satisfaction
    With accurate planning of production and better control over inventory along proper synchronization between the various distribution channels helps the manufacturers to enhance the on-time delivery of their products to the end customers. The timely delivery of products helps in improving customer satisfaction levels. With ERP systems providing real-time data to the decision-makers, they can get a realistic idea of the inventory at any instance of time.

    Concluding Notes

    Manufacturing organizations need to address various vital concerns if they are looking to gain a competitive edge in todayÂ’s dynamically changing business ecosystem. With a web-based ERP system deployed in their organization, manufacturing organizations can efficiently address the issue of information fragmentation. An effective ERP system helps in aligning complete business processes and strategies to the various software blocks needed across all functional areas in the business. Lastly, an ERP system acts as a bridge to fill in the gap and enhance integration amongst all functional areas present in the manufacturing industry.

  2. #2

    Post Cloud Technology becomes more intelligent with AI

    Cloud Technology becomes more intelligent with AI
    It is very much clear about the potential of cloud technology and its positive effects on businesses, both huge and small. The cloud technology, no doubt has evolved to a great deal since its inception. One was auto-scaling and to refine it further ESDS eNlight cloud has vertical auto-scaling feature. Emerging trends like IOT, mobile computing, have advanced the cloud computing sector in utilization and need.

    AI can play a very major role in cloud computing owing to massive amounts of data stored in it.

    IBM, one of the biggest cloud companies out there, states that the fusion of AI and cloud computing “promises to be both a source of innovation and a means to accelerate change.”

    Cloud – A Machine Learning Platform
    Technology companies create AI which finally can learn. What’s the best source to get information to apply for machine learning? Cloud with loads of information. Since all formats of data can be saved or hosted on the cloud, there can be developed voice AI, pictorial AI, AI bots which will respond to text eg. message bots.We have many examples like Amazon’s Alexa, Microsoft’s Cortona, Apple’s Siri which respond to voice commands. They are also called virtual assistants.

    Still, a lot of work needs to be done in the field of AI where AI is constructed to deal with humans as humans. Cloud is spread across various servers, across various locations with multiple languages loaded with immense data. Technology companies can use this data, effectively, to construct AI then can make conversations, make decisions, give suggestions and make the life of people easy.

    AI –Cloud Marriage
    A Google event unveiled cloud computing services which would allow any developer or business to use machine learning technologies for development of Artificial Intelligence (AI).

    AI uses large volumes of data stored, both structured and unstructured. This data can be utilized for cloud robotics, automation, intelligent actions and machine learning. Organisations already use AI to its full potential for their benefits.

    AI with cloud is not only deploying what organisations have developed so far, but also adding advancements using new cases to study and improvise. AI is becoming an essential ingredient of business strategy and technology execution. AI pilots can inject intelligence into the other business functions with the help of enterprise cloud.

    AI, Cloud and Humans
    AI and cloud computing technology are most needed technologies where AI makes human life easy and Cloud makes AI easy. Looking at the possibilities AI can help us get massive amounts of data which can be processed depending on our circle of interest like security, any types of forecasts or even entertainment activities.

    In the very beginning humans helped AI when it made mistakes, but now with deep machine learning, AI is proving to be of great help to humans. The co-operation is still strong due to which technology is so advancely developed that it can be applied to any field.

    Conclusion
    According to Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google Inc., computing is evolving from a mobile-first to an AI-first world. The cloud delivery models of PaaS and SaaS will benefit more due to Cloud –AI wave. AI, machine learning, stored data all bundled together will help humans analyse and utilize it for AI purposes. No sooner will come a day when AI becomes an integral part of our daily lives. After cloud being a major disruption in the technology market, AI is on its path to prove a major face-changer or cloud market worldwide.

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